- Positive displacement pump. It can pump a high pressure or head, but at a low volume.
- An attempt to correlate the relationship between the pressure and the velocity at the mechanical seal faces. Unfortunately carbon graphite is sensitive to P, but not to V so the correlation does not work too well.
- The soft rings that mechanical seal replace to stop leakage. Packing must leak because it works on the theory of a series of pressure drops to reduce the stuffing box pressure to the point where the leakage is acceptable. A minimum of five rings of packing is required to do this.
- The pumps are discharging to a common header. It is important that the impeller speed and outside diameters be the same or one of the pumps will throttle the other.
- A metric unit for pressure. 100 kPa = one atmosphere.
- The protective oxide layer (ceramic) has formed on the metal surface.
- A measure of the acidity or the alkalinity of a fluid. The scale ranges from 0 (acid) to 14 (alkali) with 7 considered neutral.
- Same as the specifications.
- The strain on the pump volute caused by the piping. It will cause excessive mechanical seal movement and can cause contact between rotating and stationary pump and seal components.
- Surface voids caused by corrosion, erosion or cavitation.
- A method of putting a hard coating on a base material. Not recommended for mechanical seal faces.
- If you stress metal enough, it stretches through the elastic range, its yield point and ends up in the plastic range where it loses its memory.
Positive displacement pump
- Called a PD pump. Gear, sliding vane, progressive cavity, lobe etc. the capacity determined by the pump speed. The maximum head is determined by the horsepower available and the casing strength.
- The end of the pump that attaches to the power source and does not get wet from the pumpage. The bearings are in this part.
- A measure of how the voltage leads or lags the amperage.
- The metal has been stressed beyond its yield point and will not return to its original shape.
- Ball or roller bearing as opposed to a sleeve or babbitt bearing.
- Referring to the loss of pressure from the outside to the inside of the mechanical seal faces or across the individual rings of packing.
- The best way to insert a carbon/graphite face into a metal holder. The carbon will shear to conform to the holder’s irregular shape. Usually done with an arbor press.
- The pressure drop between the seal faces. Usually illustrated by a wedge.
- The pump head exerted by atmospheric pressure or any additional pressure that might be in the vessel.
- A diagram supplied by the pump manufacture to describe the relationship between the head and the capacity of a particular pump using various size impellers. The curve also include information about efficiency, horse power consumption, N.P.S.H. required, etc.
Pump out vane
- Located behind the impeller shroud in some impeller designs to lower stuffing box pressure. Should no be used in hot well condensate pumps or any pump running with a negative stuffing box pressure.
- Used with a convection system to get circulation between two mechanical seals. Absolutely necessary if oil is used as a barrier fluid because of oil’s poor specific heat..
- A design that has a spring loaded dynamic elastomer or rubber like part. A very poor design that should be avoided.